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«A/61/373 United Nations General Assembly Distr.: General 22 September 2006 Original: English Sixty-first session Agenda item 49 Sport for Development ...»

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A/61/373

United Nations

General Assembly Distr.: General

22 September 2006

Original: English

Sixty-first session

Agenda item 49

Sport for Development and Peace

Sport for Development and Peace: the way forward

Report of the Secretary-General

Summary

The present report is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 60/9

of 3 November 2005, by which the General Assembly requested the SecretaryGeneral to elaborate an action plan that would expand and strengthen United Nations partnerships with Governments, sport-related organizations and the private sector.

The Action Plan is based on an assessment of progress achieved, steps taken and difficulties encountered in realizing the potential of sport as a tool for development and peace.

The report reviews the achievements of the International Year of Sport and Physical Education 2005, and the broad range of activities, initiatives and networking carried out in countries worldwide, under the leadership of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Sport for Development and Peace. It also describes activities by Member States, the United Nations system and other stakeholders to build on the momentum generated by the International Year.

Contents Paragraphs Page I. Introduction and background........................................... 1–4 2 II. Institutional arrangements............................................. 5–7 2 III. Commemoration of the International Year of Sport and Physical Education 2005 8–19 3 IV. The way forward..................................................... 20–64 7 V. Partnerships and resource mobilization................................... 65

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06-53114 (E) 061006 *0653114* A/61/373 I. Introduction and background

1. The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 60/9 of 3 November 2005, by which the Assembly requested that the Secretary-General report on the implementation of the resolution and on the events organized at the national, regional and international levels to celebrate the International Year of Sport and Physical Education 2005.

2. In his report entitled “Sport for Peace and Development: International Year of Sport and Physical Education” (A/60/217), the Secretary-General described the broad range of activities, initiatives and networking under way and planned worldwide to commemorate the International Year. The present report summarizes the significant achievements of the Year and indicates steps taken to maintain that momentum.

3. In the 2005 World Summit Outcome world leaders stated: “We underline that sports can foster peace and development and can contribute to an atmosphere of tolerance and understanding, and we encourage discussions in the General Assembly for proposals leading to a plan of action on sport and development.” (General Assembly resolution 60/1 para. 145.)

4. By resolution 60/9, the General Assembly requested the Secretary-General “to elaborate an action plan that will expand and strengthen United Nations partnerships with Governments, sport-related organizations and the private sector, on the basis, inter alia, of an assessment of progress achieved, steps taken and difficulties encountered in realizing the potential of sport as a tool for development and peace”.

The present report responds to that request and presents an Action Plan on Sport for Development and Peace (see chap. VI).

II. Institutional arrangements

5. The commemoration of the International Year was guided by the United Nations Office for the International Year of Sport and Physical Education. The Office was approved by the Secretary-General in December 2003 and was set up in May 2004. No financial request was made to the United Nations for the establishment of the Office; rather, its success has been dependent on the determination and will of all partners involved, on the financial assistance of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, following the establishment of a trust fund by the United Nations Fund for International Partnerships (UNFIP), and on the support in kind of the United Nations Office at Geneva and UNFIP. The Office for the International Year worked in close coordination with the Geneva and New York offices of Sport for Development and Peace, under the leadership of the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General on Sport for Development and Peace. After the Office for the International Year completed its work in December 2005, the Office of the Special Adviser continued to build on the momentum of the Year, advocating for the power of sport as a means to promote education, health, development and peace in pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals.

6. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) played a key role during the International Year as the lead agency for sport-related issues in the United Nations system, convening Governments to advance the cause of sport and physical education and to raise awareness about

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(e) A significant achievement during the Year is the unanimous adoption of the International Convention against Doping in Sport by the UNESCO General Conference at its thirty-third session, on 19 October 2005;





(f) The Year has increased recognition of the potential of sport, as a universal language, to bridge social, religious, ethnic and gender divides, hence contributing to lasting peace;

(g) Sport demonstrated that it can contribute to a powerful synergy to raise public awareness and mobilize support and resources, and sport organizations and sporting goods providers embraced the multi-stakeholder approach advocated during the Year;

(h) Sport was successfully used as a mobilizing force to raise resources for relief activities for natural disasters such as the Southeast Asian tsunami in 2004 and the earthquake in Pakistan in 2005;

(i) The International Year was a springboard for launching new and strengthening existing programmes using sport and physical education to achieve internationally recognized development goals such as the Millennium Development Goals.

National dynamics during the International Year

9. Action at the country level in coordinating and publicizing commemorative activities is testimony to the success of the International Year. National focal points have been established in 70 countries, including in Albania, Algeria, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belarus, Bhutan, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, the Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, the Comoros, Cuba, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, India, Israel, Latvia, Lebanon, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nauru, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the Niger, Norway, Paraguay, the Philippines, Poland, Qatar, the Russian Federation, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Vanuatu and Zambia. The valuable contribution of United Nations information centres and United Nations resident coordinators in assisting in identification of a significant number of national focal points is recognized.

10. Beyond countries which established national focal points, over 55 other

countries from all regions have been active. These include initiatives undertaken in:

Afghanistan, Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Burundi, China, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Egypt, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Italy, Iraq, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali, Montenegro, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, the Philippines, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Somalia, Timor-Leste, the Holy See, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Ukraine, the United Republic of Tanzania, the United States of America, Uzbekistan, the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen and Zimbabwe.

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11. All countries are encouraged to continue activities beyond the Year to help to develop and implement sustainable sporting and physical education programmes and policies designed to respond to the specific needs and conditions of their communities.

International dynamics during the International Year

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the Special Adviser and attended by participants from 70 countries. A Call to Action was adopted, urging stakeholders to carry the momentum of the Year well into the future by actively using sport and promoting Sport for Development and Peace in their respective fields.

15. Sporting events commemorating the International Year were organized around the globe. Global communications and public-awareness activities during the Year included various tools; the creation of a United Nations website (www.un.org/sport2005) and a number of national websites dedicated to the Year; an introductory film; a fortnightly United Nations Sport Bulletin in English, Spanish and French; and an international Toolkit: Sport for Development available in CD-ROM and online was promoted and distributed. An unprecedented level of media attention was accorded to the issue of sport and physical education for development and peace during the Year.

16. Following the launching of the Year on 5 November 2004, the Special Adviser appointed Roger Federer, a top-ranked tennis star, and Margaret Okayo, a marathon champion, as spokespersons to promote the objectives of the Year. He also appointed the national cricket teams of India and Pakistan as spokespersons in recognition of their efforts in overcoming regional tension and encouraging peaceful relations.

17. The commemorative efforts undertaken during the Year particularly took into account certain negative aspects facing athletes, including child labour, violence, doping, early specialization, over-training and exploitative forms of commercialization, as well as less visible threats and deprivations, such as the premature severance of family bonds and the loss of sporting, social and cultural ties.

18. The International Year highlighted the importance of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the private sector in moving forward sport and physical education as tools for the promotion of education, health, development and peace.

Governmental organizations in the field of development cooperation using sport and physical education as a tool for development and peace played an outstanding role, particularly those in Austria, Brazil, Canada, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The Year proved that international sports federations and organizations such as the International Olympic Committee, the International Football Federation (FIFA) and the International Paralympic Committee, are increasingly willing to become involved in humanitarian actions.

19. The Special Adviser’s Final Report on the International Year summarizes its activities and the achievements and was presented to the Secretary-General and the President of the General Assembly at a special event at the United Nations on 3 April 2006, supported by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation.

The report, distributed to Member States and many partners, is available at www.un.org/sport2005. A comprehensive book on the International Year prepared by the Office of the Special Adviser will be launched during the sixty-first session of the General Assembly.

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21. To assist in preparation of the Action Plan, the Secretary-General circulated a note verbale dated 7 July 2006 to Member States requesting information on lessons learned from the International Year, obstacles encountered in national efforts to implement Sport for Development and Peace initiatives, and how sport-related activities have incorporated into strategies to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and difficulties encountered. The note verbale also asked how sport had been utilized as a tool for conflict prevention and building sustainable peace, what difficulties had been encountered, and how partnerships with sport-related organizations, the private sector and other partners could be strengthened to make better use of sport as a tool for development and peace. As at 15 September 2006, information was received from: Australia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Chile, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Germany, Kazakhstan, Maldives, Mali, Mauritius, Monaco, the Netherlands, Nicaragua, Qatar, the Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Thailand, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. It is emphasized that information in the present section is based only on those replies, presenting a sample of activities by Member States to build on the momentum of the International Year.

National Sport for Development and Peace activities

22. The replies show that a number of countries have established national laws, policies or strategies that advance Sport for Development and Peace and indicate their intentions to follow up on the International Year, including Belarus, Bolivia, the Czech Republic, Kazakhstan, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Qatar, the Russian Federation, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Australia, Germany and the Netherlands have incorporated sport into development cooperation activities.

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Integration of sport into strategies to achieve the Millennium Development Goals

25. A number of replies indicated that sport contributes to the overall pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals, and others more broadly endorsed the role of sport in fostering development, including Azerbaijan, Bolivia, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Saint Lucia, Tunisia and the United Arab Emirates. Replies received also indicated sport activities that contribute to the achievement of specific Goals.



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