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«TRANS-EUROPEAN RAILWAY (TER) PROJECT UNITED NATIONS UNECE TER PROJECT MASTER PLAN - JULY 2006 ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE TRANSPORT DIVISION ...»

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ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

TRANS-EUROPEAN RAILWAY (TER) PROJECT

UNITED NATIONS

UNECE TER PROJECT MASTER PLAN - JULY 2006

ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

TRANSPORT DIVISION

TRANS-EUROPEAN MOTORWAY (TEM)

AND

TRANS-EUROPEAN RAILWAY (TER)

PROJECTS’ MASTER PLAN

UNITED NATIONS

UNECE TER PROJECT MASTER PLAN - JULY 2006

ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

NOTE The designation employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitations of its frontiers or boundaries.

The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations.

UNECE TER PROJECT MASTER PLAN - JULY 2006

ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

TABLE OF CONTENTS

NOTE

PREFACE

SUMMARY

1. UNECE TEM AND TER PROJECTS’ MASTER PLAN

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Review of the development of TER Project

1.3 TER Environment in Europe

1.4 TER Project Strategy/Action plan

2. SOCIO-ECONOMIC FRAMEWORK OF TEM AND TER REGION AND ALTERNATIVE

SCENARIOS OF GROWTH

2.1 Basic Assumptions

2.2 Economic and social characteristics of the countries in the TEM and TER region

2.3 Alternative Scenarios of Growth

2.3.1 Population trends

2.3.2 Economy trends

2.3.3 Foreign trade trends

2.3.4 Transport trends

3. METHODOLOGY ON EVALUATION AND PRIORITIZATION OF

INFRASTRUCTURE/INVESTMENT NEEDS

3.1 Objective

3.2 Projects Identification Phase

3.2.1 1st Level: Relevance of Project

3.2.2 2nd Level: Readiness of Project

3.2.3 3rd Level: Viability of Project

3.3 Forecasting Phase

3.4 Evaluation of Projects Phase

3.5 Prioritization Phase

4. REALIZATION OF TEM AND TER PROJECTS’ MASTER PLAN

4.1 TEM and TER Projects’ Master Plan Results per Country

4.2 TEM and TER Projects’ Master Plan Results per Country Group

4.3 TEM and TER Projects Master Plan Total Results

4.4 Identification of TEM and TER Bottlenecks

5. TEM AND TER PROJECTS’ MASTER PLAN BACKBONE NETWORK AND ADDITIONAL

LINKS

5.1 TEM Master Plan Backbone Network: Backbone Links, Additional and Missing Links and TEM Extensions

5.2 TER Network: Backbone Links and Missing Links

6. FUNDING CONSIDERATIONS, FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS, TECHNICAL AND

INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS FOR TEM AND TER PROJECTS’ MASTER PLAN IMPLEMENTATION

6.1 Estimation of Financial Resources Available for TEM and TER Network Implementation.............227

6.2 Remarks on the perspectives to construct the TEM and TER Region Backbone Networks..............230

6.3 Projects’ Technical Priorities, Financing Priorities and Feasibility and Funding Considerations.....233

7. BORDER CROSSING ISSUES FOR TEM AND TER NETWORK

7.1 TEM Border Crossing Issues

7.1.1 Inventory of border crossing problems (Road)

7.1.2 Recommendations for improvement

7.2 TER Border Crossing Issues

7.2.1 Inventory of border crossing problems (Rail)

7.2.2 Recommendations for improvement

7.2.3 Future actions needed to bring border control in line with Schengen regulations or EU Directives as identified by TER Ad-hoc working group on facilitation of border crossings procedures..............345 UNECE TER PROJECT MASTER PLAN - JULY 2006

ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

8. CONCLUSIONS / RECOMMENDATIONS

9. THE WAY AHEAD

ANNEXES

ANNEX I – TEM MASTER PLAN MAPS

ANNEX II – TER MASTER PLAN MAPS

ANNEX III – SOCIOECONOMIC STATISTICS

ANNEX IV – TRANSPORT STATISTICS

ANNEX V – EVALUATION/TECHNICAL PRIORITISATION RESULTS

ANNEX VI – INVESTMENT-TIME PLAN/ FINAL PRIORITISATION RESULTS

ANNEX VII –LIST OF PARTICIPANTS IN TEM AND TER PROJECTS’ MASTER PLAN WORK

ANNEX VIII – LETTER OF MINISTER OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF GEORGIA..........450

–  –  –

PREFACE

The United Nations Trans-European Motorway (TEM) and Trans-European Railway (TER) projects’ Master Plan has been a unique undertaking. It was made possible thanks to the commitment, skills, and conviction of the UNECE TEM and TER Projects’ Central Offi ces (PCOs), the external consultants and the designated experts of the countries concerned. Two expert groups, one for road and one for rail, worked for sixteen months, in consolidating and processing substantive information on transport plans and priority needs of the respective countries, as well as liaising with the respective Governments, UNECE, and TEM and TER PCOs.





The report presents the results of a fi rst attempt of the TEM and TER Projects to elaborate a consistent and realistic short-, medium- and long-term investment strategy on the road, rail and combined transport Backbone Networks in 21 Central, Eastern and South east European countries, members of the Projects, and their immediate neighbours. As a result of this exercise, as many as 491 projects have been evaluated and prioritized, with an aggregate estimated cost of over 102 billion Euros. These results have been obtained by using a commonly agreed methodology and taking into account alternative scenarios of growth, bottlenecks and missing links as well as problems posed for the funding of transport infrastructure and border crossings.

Despite the application of rigorous screening criteria, a considerable proportion of the total implementation cost for the realization of the TEM and TER Projects’ Master Plan is not yet secured. In addition, by examining border crossings issues in relation to a number of considerations such as infrastructure needs, procedures and staffi ng matters, it is clear that there is substantial need for further action. A range of proposals to address these issues is presented in this report.

The current work can substantially assist the development of transport infrastructure in the wider TEM and TER region. Moreover, it can also contribute to integration and harmonization of transport beyond Europe. However, the elaboration of an investment strategy, though important, is just a starting point. The implementation of this work is a long-term process that requires fi rst and foremost all political will and commitment from the countries concerned. It will also require intensive follow-up work in close co-ordination between TEM and TER member countries, the TEM PCO, the TER PCO and the UNECE, as well as with the European Commission competent Directorates and other international organizations and bodies concerned.

I should like to thank all those who contributed to the elaboration of this work and encourage them to continue and further intensify their efforts for the progressive implementation of the TEM and TER Projects’ Master Plan.

–  –  –

SUMMARY

The work summarised here – the Trans-European Motorway (TEM) and TransEuropean Railway (TER) Projects’ Master Plan – is intended to assist the thinking in TEM and TER member countries, in neighbouring countries, and within concerned international organizations about future road, rail and combined transport infrastructure developments and related investments. It also addresses important related questions such as alternative scenarios of growth, methodological aspects and assumptions, bottlenecks, missing links and other priority needs, as well as problems posed for funding of transport infrastructure and border crossings. More specifi cally, the work has addressed the goals of promoting the integration of European transport infrastructure, extending the TEN-T, supporting the implementation of the pan-European transport corridors, promoting of intermodal operations and supporting the objectives of the TEM and TER Projects.

In 2001, the TEM and TER Projects’ Steering Committees, adopted a new short-term strategy for the Projects’ further integration in the new transport context. The elaboration of the TEM and TER Master Plan, was among the fi rst priorities of the strategy.

Thereafter, the Terms of Reference for the elaboration of the Master Plan was prepared and approved. Work started in October 2003 and was completed in February 2005.

Two groups were created for the needs of the Master Plan, namely the Master Plan Coordination Group, constituted to supervise and coordinate the work, and the Master Plan Expert Group, in order to consolidate substantive information on transport plans and priority needs of the countries concerned, as well as to liaise with respective Governments and the UNECE and TEM and TER Projects’ Central Offi ces (PCOs).

During the reporting period, the Master Plan Coordination Group, consisting of the TEM and TER Projects’ Personnel and the Director of UNECE Transport Division and/or the Regional Adviser on Transport, UNECE, as well as the external consultants, has met four times. The TEM Master Plan Expert Group and the TER Master Plan Expert Group, consisting of different national coordinators and designated experts from the countries involved for each one of the Projects, met twice.

Special emphasis was placed throughout the project work on seeking to balance the internal priorities of States for the development of infrastructure within their own borders with the recognition that many of the most important national links are also critical to the establishment of effective international networks.

International networks have a major contribution to make to broader socio-economic goals aimed at the prosperity and stability of the wider region. However, despite the efforts of a number of organizations, this international dimension and the inter-play between national and international perspectives has not always been as fully recognized as it might be. For this reason, the current study has placed particular emphasis on coordination of thinking across different countries. Thus, identifi cation of bottlenecks and missing links in relation to major international fl ows in the road, rail and combined transport networks has been given priority. Airports and inland waterway infrastructure projects were not the focus of this work.

However, it must also be acknowledged that the range of possible investments greatly exceeds the immediate and foreseeable capacity of national and international bodies to fund them. What has been developed in the Master Plan is consciously not a simple wish UNECE TER PROJECT MASTER PLAN - JULY 2006

ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

list of desired investments, but is rather one that is tailored to a realistic assessment of likely available funds. Further, the work has not been undertaken in isolation from the range of previous studies and initiatives of international transport infrastructure needs that have been undertaken. It builds on and acknowledges the contributions of major projects such as TINA, TIRS, REBIS, TEN-STAC, EU High Level Group, etc.

The underlying methodology of the study has been top-down, reflecting in part the time and resources available, but also recognize that the availability of reliable data, especially over time, for a number of the areas included in the work was weak. Growth scenarios were therefore developed, starting with the socio-economic external environment such as demography, GDP growth and development in foreign trade. Two scenarios of growth were developed – one moderate, the other more optimistic – to recognize the uncertainty inevitably surrounding such projections. Transport demand forecasting up to 2020 performed by analyzing the current trends in transport industry and identifying inter relations between transport demand and the socio-economic environment.

Against the macroeconomic backgrounds sketched out through the scenarios, the work then sought to establish priorities for individual projects that had been identified through examination of known national and international plans. Specifically, evaluation and prioritization proceeded through four stages.

In the first stage, Project Identification, projects were screened according to generic criteria of relevance, readiness and viability. In essence, projects were only considered if they already showed within existing lists of proposals, were sufficiently far ahead in the planning process to be capable of being completed within the time frame of this study, and for which a degree of financial viability could be established with no evidence of major environmental constraints. Since candidate projects had to pass all three screening criteria, this stage representing a major step towards ensuring that only schemes under serious consideration were included.

In the second stage, Forecasting, the previously derived macroeconomic growth patterns were applied to flows on the proposed projects.



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